Applying Information Processing Theory to Second Grade
Ms. Reloj is teaching second grade. One of her responsibilities is to teach her students how to tell time. She is concerned that her students will think that learning how to tell time is boring. What recommendations do you have for Ms. Reloj?
Educational Implications of Information Processing Theory Childhood Example: Learning to Tell Time
It is important that teachers come up with ways of minimizing distractions when students are learning. The teacher can do so by clearing the learning tables so that the remaining materials can be only those needed in the lesson. For example, in this case, the learning tables should only have books being used in the lesson and clocks used to learn about time.
Help students automatize essential basic skills
Teachers should ensure that students understand what is taught in class with minimal effort. Teachers can ensure this by using examples that relate to the students and using scenarios that are familiar with the student. For example, when learning about time, the teacher can ask the time that students wake up or go to bed or brush their teeth.
Begin at a level consistent with students’ existing knowledge base
Being students in the second grade means that most of them do not know how to study the clocks to tell the exact time. However, they are aware of time in other terms which are used in society such as night, daytime, and morning. The teacher needs to start the discussion about time basing her argument on the knowledge that the students have about time.
Take students’ cultural background into account when considering what they probably do and do not know
The locality that the students come from has similar knowledge about time, and they read time in a similar way. Therefore, when discussing this topic, the teacher will explain to the students about time just as it is done in the community.
Ask students to apply classroom material to familiar contexts
After learning about time, the teacher is supposed to help the students apply the knowledge taught in class in familiar contexts. For example, the students can identify various activities and the specific time that these activities are done. For instance, the time the students are supposed to arrive in school, the time that the students leave the class for lunch break or the time that the students leave the school to go back home in the afternoon.