Art Nouveau and Art Deco
In the entire history designers and artists all over the world have tried to create diverse styles to reflect time and society and Art Nouveau and Art Deco are examples of such movements. These movements marked a significant period of modernization, the industrial revolution and World War 1. Art Nouveau movement began in Europe in around 1890and it was a response to styles popular in the early 19th century. The designers of Art Nouveau wanted to create a new design vocabulary that is appropriate to the modern world. The Parisian gallery was one of the first galleries to display large collections of works created at this moment. Art Deco emerged before the First World War when Art Nouveau had started to fade out. This movement was marked with a rise in wealth and technological progress which led to widespread luxury. It embraced the influence of the industrial revolution, and the designs were more symmetrical and streamlined. This paper will compare and contrast Art Nouveau and Art Deco using differences and similarities in their cultures, economic, rise and fall, and religion impact on their
One thing common with both Art Nouveau and Art Deco is that they are both original and flesh and they tend to form a bridge between the 19th-century styles such as Neoclassicism, Romanticism, and Modernism. It is easy to differentiate the two because Art Nouveau is characterized by decorative and flowery designs while Art Deco is characterized by sleek and mechanistic designs. In terms of cultures, Art Nouveau emerged in Europe and America where artists embraced these authentic passionately creating buildings, paintings, jewelry and other unique works of art in the unique style. The artists using this style tried to feature natural elements such as insects, weeds, and fairies among others in a stylized form. Some of the known and well-established Nouveau artists include Gustav Klimt, Alphonse Mucha, and Henri de Toulouse (Bayer, 34). At this period people wanted to have things that only rich people could afford, and this made more artistic products to be produced, and this made the designs popular. Art Deco emerged in the Jazz age around the 1920s, and it also utilized curves and natural elements, but in this case, the designs are sharp and bold. These designs relied more on stainless steel, and chrome among other artistic mediums. It represented modernism which was turned into fashion with the intention of creating a sleek and ant traditional elegance that depicted wealth and sophistication.
Both Art Deco and Art Nouveau represent different economic periods, and Art Nouveau represents the period of industrial revolution, and Art Deco represents a period of modernization and First World War. Art Nouveau was a reaction of the industrial revolution, and at this period a lot of inventions were being made, and these designs marked a new phase of economic change in the period. The movement wanted to create a new reality and a modern world incorporating its vocabulary, and this had an impact on the economy of Europe and America where new art objects such as buildings and Jewelry were created and introduced in the market. It also marked a bridge between Neoclassicism and modernism which marked a significant economic transition (Foster, 21). Art Deco emerged in time where people were enjoying the prosperity and impacts of industrial and scientific advancement, and this movement reflects an era of expressionism and cubism. People were willing to invest money in the art by buying Jewelry and decorations, and this had a huge economic impact on economic development through investment in new things. People wanted to have a new look characterized by streamlined and geometric shapes.
In consideration of the rise and fall of Art Nouveau and Art Deco, the two came in place in two distinctive periods as said earlier. Art Nouveau spread through England and entire Europe in the late 1800s and during this time designers and artists wanted to unify art to eliminate differences between fine and decorative art so that people could start appreciating good craftsmanship. People in entire Europe embraced the new art movement which included curving natural forms and echoes of things. The movement was inspired by different places and incorporated designs from different cultures such as Japan and other regions. After dominating for many years, it started to decline after the outbreak of the First World War where everything was disrupted and after the war people came up with a new attitude, designs, and approaches where everything emerged. Art Deco emerged during the First World War after the decline of Art Nouveau and was characterized by geometric form and expensive materials and it was inspired by Mesoamerican, African and Chinese designs (Sandrolini, 5). It spread in Europe and America where it was seen as a celebration of the potential of new forms of machine and transportation. It was highly influenced by the contemporary artists of the period, and it was adopted by architects and designers around the world. Art Deco came to decline after the Second World War due to the financial, emotional and physical hardships experienced in the period and people could no longer afford things they considered overly luxurious. People opted a more simplistic design; thus Art Deco became unpopular.
About religion, Art Nouveau and Art Deco have had a huge impact on religion architecture designs. During the Art Nouveau movement era, religious structures such as temples, churches, Mosques, and Synagogues changed their designs to incorporate this design, and a good example of a church that was constructed in this design was Uspensiki Cathedral (Arnason, 92). On the other side, Art Deco revolutionized the region architecture designs and religious structures being constructed during this era incorporated this design, and an example of a church that has this design is Boston Avenue United Methodist Church.
In conclusion, Art Nouveau and Art Deco represent two of the most iconic art movements that marked the great transition of art designs. This paper has expounded on the similarities and differences of Art Nouveau and Art Deco about their impact and association with their cultures, economics, rise and fall and region impact on architecture design.
Arnason, H. H., and Elizabeth C. Mansfield. History of modern art. Pearson Education, 2012.
Bayer, Patricia, and Alain-Rene Hardy. Art Deco interiors: decoration and design classics of the 1920s and 1930s. Thames and Hudson, 1990.
Foster, Hal. The art-architecture complex. Verso Books, 2013.
Sandrolini, F., et al. “Materials and technologies in Art Nouveau architecture: Façade decoration cases in Italy, Portugal, and Poland for a consistent restoration.” Informes de la Construccion-Revista 63.524 (2011): 5.