Since the criminal justice system was formed in the United States after the country gained its independence, there have been changes in the way this system approaches crime. The community and society have also changed their views towards ways in which to approach and control crime. In the past, the criminal justice system has been tough on crime (NCJRS, n.d.). The system has paid much attention at being strict on criminals were most are put behind bars. However, being tough on crime increased the number of people in the prisons giving the federal government and the justice system much work of maintaining the prisons. This, therefore, meant that the idea of being tough on crime was not an appropriate policy and it needed to be changed so that it can reduce the people going into prisons.
The change in policy required that the justice system and the community be smart on crime and not tough on crime. Therefore the criminal justice method implemented contemporary policies towards crime control. An example of a contemporary policy is social crime prevention (Wilson and Petersilia, 2011). This focuses on having the social environments of offenders changed so that it can deter them from performing criminal activities. For instance, the introduction of sports clubs, youth clubs, and holiday camps keep the youth busy, and they divert their attention to positive activities instead of being involved in crime.
Another type of contemporary crime prevention is the neighborhood watches (Wilson and Petersilia, 2011). This focuses on the inclusion of people in a neighborhood in their safety where offenders feel the sense of inclusion in the neighborhood, and this prevents them from committing crimes. The neighborhood watch also keeps them busy and takes up time that would have been used in committing crimes. The criminal justice system is insisting on ways of preventing crime from occurring other than deals with criminals after they have committed crimes.
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS). (n.d.). Topical index. Retrieved from https://ncjrs.gov/viewall.html
Wilson, J. Q., & Petersilia, J. (2011). Crime and public policy. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.