History Questions

Question 1
The problem of writing history from only the political perspective of the great men is that no one guideline helps in deciding which are the great men and the choice of great men is based on personal judgment. Also writing history from the perspective of great men fails to consider the decisions and choices of other people. For instance, the history of the civil war entails the commanders who lead the war but fails to recognize the people who were in the war, the system that supported the people in the war and manufacturing bases that manufactured the ammunition used in the war.
Question 2
Origins, causes, and outcomes are used by historians, but there are dangers and problems of using them. These have the limitation of time which to a great extent seems infinite. For example, when a historian chooses the option of telling the origin of the civil war, they have to decide at which point to start their argument. This is because before the civil war there was England. Therefore, the historian might need to explain the history of England and the events of origin keep getting tied to other events before them. This is similar to causes and outcomes.
Question 3
Scholars have tribal positions, and this means that they adopt either the political, cultural, economic or social forms of explaining different accounts of history. It is important that anyone reading history acknowledge this since there is no one explanation of an account in history. One should read all the accounts of scholars and understand the accounts of history from the different perspectives as explained by historians.
Question 4
Historians need to synthesize large amounts of information of people who have created arguments before them, and they either agree or criticize this information. The same case applies to one’s thinking where it is necessary to learn about other people’s thinking about a certain issue and either agree or disagree with their argument and thinking.
Question 5
If I were a historian, I would belong to the group of historians that believe people in the past were essentially different. This is because the people in the past were faced by different situations than those in the present and they acted according to those situations. This changes in the past and the present means that people then and today are different most especially in their way of doing things and thinking.
Question 6
Anthropology deals with human beings at a particular place and time. It studies about the people, their ancestors, behavior, and interaction with the environment. In the study of history, anthropology is helpful in understanding why some events occurred and why people acted the way they did during that particular time.
Question 7
Periodization refers to the division of time into named blocks to make studying and analysis of history easier. Periodization helps in linking events in which one understands more about the current and historical processes related to those events. However, periodization is not precise, and this makes it difficult in learning about history. Language is a means of communication between people, and it can be written or spoken. Since people speak in different languages, a historian may find it difficult to understand a different language and also translations are not always precise.
Question 1
Historical records sometimes have missing information. Historians need to fill these gaps in historical records, and they do this through making educated guesses. They do this by studying the ideas before and after the gap so that they can guess what can be expected to have been in the gap.
Question 2
The concept of time is important in understanding history, and this is why Arnold explores the concept of time. He looks at periodization that is used in historical records which entails division of time into named blocks to make analyzing and studying history simpler.
Question 3
Historians have to determine whether a document is correct, incomplete or invalid. They do this using various ways such as the study of contemporary sources in which they compare to determine if the information in the document is correct. Dating a document can also tell how correct or valid is the document. Relating archeology and history is also a method that is used to determine the validity and correctness of a document.
Question 4
Anthropology deals with human beings at a particular place and time. It studies about the people, their ancestors, behavior, and interaction with the environment. In the study of history, anthropology is helpful in understanding why some events occurred and why people acted the way they did during that particular time.
Question 5
Scholars have tribal positions, and this means that they adopt either the political, cultural, economic or social forms of explaining different accounts of history. It is important that anyone reading history acknowledge this since there is no one explanation of an account in history. One should read all the accounts of scholars and understand the accounts of history from the different perspectives as explained by historians.

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