How to Analyze a Case Study
A concise overview of case study analysis.
Analyzing a case study shows the reader or your professor that you can critically resonate through an actual business issue or decision making in an informed, ethical, professional, and logical manner. Your key purpose, then, is to apply your critical thinking expertise and business skills to an issue faced by an actual firm and propose a realistic and logical remedy. Your main audience might be your professor; however, a good case study analysis maintains the need for an actual businessman in mind. There is a high probability that your professor has the background and knowledge to comprehend the issue and know which remedy would be most efficient.
However, your professor is interested in knowing how better you can describe and prove your decisions, much as you will require to do in an actual business scenario. Therefore, you need to include sufficient details in the report that a non-professor, non-expert businessman can easily understand and implement the proposed remedy through your reasoning process. Additionally, all business writing needs to be done professionally because your audience might be clients or colleagues. Your writing, however, must not be too formal; rather, it should be respectful and effective. Also, first-person references such as I, me, or me should be avoided or otherwise used sparingly.
A case aids learners’ study by engaging them in authentic commerce setting to act as decision-makers and problem-solvers. The study provides reality regarding a specific company. Learners are requested to evaluate the study, paying attention to the most significant realities and applying the details in order to find the firm’s chances as well as challenges. Students are requested to determine alternative solutions to handle the identified problems. The purpose of a case study
A case study is comprehensive research of a person, groups, or functions.case studies bring about a more comprehensive perception because the researcher can apply a wide variety of tools they would otherwise not use when applying other research methods. This provides them ample time to create a deeper understanding of the subject and develop a more effective platform to analyze factors affecting a case study in immeasurable details.
Furthermore, a case study decreases bias. It provides room to the perspectives’ diversity, unlike getting and using a single view of an individual through an interview or survey response. Additionally, it removes any chances of prospective bias by offering a chance to understand the matter under study. Typically, lacking bias reduces the motive of the individual in question.
Also, in a case study, almost each aspect of the subject’s history and life is examined to look for causes of behavior and patterns. A case study can be applied in a wide variety of disciplines such as social work, education, social work, medicine, anthropology, and psychology.
Limitations of using a case study
A case study lacks scientific vigor and presents less basis for generalizing findings to the general population. Since case studies focus on one event, group, or person, it is uncertain whether the case study research represents the larger body of similar events. Therefore, the conclusions made from a specific case might not be applicable to other settings.
A case study might face the researcher’s personal subjective emotions that might affect the results. Case studies are mostly based on the evaluation of descriptive or qualitative data; thus, most depend on the researcher’s interpretation of the information acquired. Additionally, a case study is difficult to replicate. This implies that there exists an enormous scope for researchers’ bias, and the subjective feelings of the researcher might affect the assessment of the data.
How to evaluate a case study
A research evaluation shouldn’t just recap the study. It needs to state primary problems, highlight, evaluate alternative solutions, and come to practical conclusions. A case study can be divided into various five stages as stated below:
Step 1. Identify the most significant facts involving the case study.
Provide a detailed and precise description of the issue or decision the company faces. Highlight the external and internal forces that are connected to the problem. If possible, include the firm’s competitive position in your evaluation. If the issue is particularly sophisticated, you may need to break this step into various subsections to make sure you thoroughly and keenly describe the issue from every angle. Additionally, by using the sub-sections, you highlight and emphasize the different facets of the issue, describing its complexity and scope. Most significantly, the subsections will ensure your writing is well organized and thus guide the readers effectively through the text.
identify the study severally to gain more familiarity with the details of the study. Since most case studies, as in reality, affect a significant deal of comprehensive information, you need to pay more recognition to the details in any provided figures, graphs, or exhibits. One might assume the figures and facts in the case study are authentic; however, people’s decisions, judgments, or statements need to be questioned. Some of these facts are more important than others when it comes to problem identification.
Highlight and then state the most relevant figures and facts that will assist in defining the critical problem. Suppose the primary numbers and facts are unavailable; you are allowed to make assumptions; however, these assumptions need to be feasible depending on the situation. The accuracy of the conclusion might rely on the assumptions made. Suppose the information is a system-based issue; you must pay more attention to the function of technology and the firm’s behavior and control.
Control technique issues globally of business technically introduces a mixture of company, mechanization, and management problems. While stating the primary case, ask what type of issue is it: organizational, management, technology, or a combination of the three.
Determining whether the problem is related to management, consider if the managers are exercising exemplary guidance on the firm and tracking the company’s presentation. Additionally, take into account the management’s initial choice: do all the executives have ample available details.
Determining if the problem arises from technology, analyze problems stemming from the firm’s detailed automation development: its networks, hardware, software, and telecommunication building, and the data control of traditional files or information. Also, check whether the ideal firm’s assets and management are available to apply the technology effectively.
Finally, determining the role of a company’s factors, evaluate any problems stemming from the company’s business processes, culture, structure, division among target groups, workgroups, and the effect of the deviations in the companies outside surrounding effects in economic factors, government regulations, or actions from suppliers, clients, and competitors.
Step 2. Deciding which of the individual factors or combinations is most significant in describing why the issue occurred. An evaluation from the perspectives of various disciplines and proof from both qualitative and quantitative research to back your analysis. These facets show the professor or reader that you can critically think broadly and consider the multiple perspectives provided by different research methodologies.
Step 3. Specifying multiple and feasible consequences. State all the consequences the organization can apply to clarify its issue or face the current problem. For data system-based issues, do the remedies need an updated or new information technique? Are new business procedures, technologies, company organization, or control of traits needed? Which company’s every alternative will need procedures? What will management policy be needed to execute each alternative?
However, remember to distinguish between what a firm should perform and what that company can really perform. Some remedies are too inflated or interfaculty complex to execute, and one needs to prevent remedies that exceed the firm’s funds. Determine the challenges that limit the available answers; confirm whether every alternative is practical considering the available constraints.
Step 4. Analyze every alternative solution.
Analyze every choice by applying realities and problems found previously, given that available information and condition. Identify the benefits and costs of every course of action and attempt to predict the most plausible outcome. Highlight the risks and benefits linked with each alternative solution and check if the remedy is practical from an operational, financial, and technical point of view.
Additionally, ensure to list any assumptions you might have used to make a decision. And make discussion of the particular remedy that will solve the problem. Every prospective solution must involve ample information to make it more practical and possible for an individual within the firm to execute the concept.
Step 5. Endorse the best solution.
State the alternatives for the most ideal solution and present a comprehensive explanation of why you chose the particular course of action. You might also need to present a reason why other remedies were not chosen. The last endorsement must align ideologically with the remaining case study evaluation and must evidently state the myths used to share the closure. There is usually no individual correct solution, and every alternative should be accompanied by threats and benefits.