As a student, more so a literature student, at one point in your academic life, you are likely to meet an essay requiring you to cite a poem. How to cite a poem in a text might not be a walk in the park for some learners; if this is you, this article aims to relieve you of the burden. It will focus on how to cite a poem in text using the most popular writing format, precisely, MLA and APA. It will also take a deep dive into the in-text citations and the Work Cited reference list or footnotes sections.
How to cite a poem in text: APA format
When learning how to cite a poem in text, it is significant to understand that various writing formats have unique rules for citing poetry in a text. For instance, at this juncture, we will dive into how to cite a poem in text using APA. This will touch on:
Suppose you are citing poetry, then it is important to ensure you abide by the following rules.
Citing a poem
When learning more about how to cite a poem in text, the fundamental rules for citing a single line of the poem are similar to citing any other source. This implies that you need to:
On the other hand, suppose you are citing two lines from the poem; you should put a forward slash to symbolize the presence of a line break in the first text. The page number in the quotation describes and shows the reader where the poem is found in the book. Additionally, when learning more about how to cite a poem in text, you might have to cite three or more lines of the poem. Handling this needs one to present the quotation as a block citation. Typically, you will recreate, from the original source, the line’s presentation on the page.
How to cite a poem in text: in-text citations
APA format needs one to include parentheses at the end of the citation and type the author’s surname and then the publication date of the poem for an in-text citation. Suppose you are citing a poem you found on the internet; use the publication date of the poem. If the poem was found in an anthology or collection, the in-text citation must include the anthology’s page number where the poem was published; quotation marks are not included if the poem is included as it is in the original source. Additionally, keep in mind that every line is indented and double spaced with the in-text quotation positioned at the last punctuation of the citation.
If the poem’s citation is one line, this must be handled as any other citation. For two lines, the citation is dealt with any other citation; however, it includes a forward slash sign to show the line breaking in the original source.
How to cite a poem in text: the reference list
It is mandatory for the poems quoted in your work to appear at the end of your paper in the reference list. However, the appropriate reference style to apply depends on the poem’s method of publication. For an individual poem found on the internet, include it as a web page, and for the anthology published poems, list them as a section of an edited book. On the other hand, the long poems published on their own apply the standard book style. This can be carried out for anthologies with one writer, although ensure to include the poem’s editor and writer. Besides, when learning how to cite a poem in text, always confirm that the complete publication details are included and their containers, such as the website or book they were found in.
How to cite a poem in text: MLA style
The Modern Language Association or the MLA format is commonly applied in media, literary criticism, contemporary works of literature and languages, and English studies. When learning how to cite a poem in text using the MLA style, the following will focus on the intext citation and the works cited to help you maneuver smoothly.
How to cite a poem in text: MLA Format; an in-text citation
For a poem’s intext citation in MLA style, one needs to include parentheses and the writer’s surname after the citations end. This is clearly similar to the APA format, but unfortunately, that’s the only similarity. After including the author’s name, make sure to add a comma and then the page number of the poem citations. Suppose there are no line numbers in the source, then mention the page number where the poem was located. Bear in mind that if you take this path, you should not include a comma between the writer’s surname and the page number. When quoting more than three lines, you should use block citation. Quotation marks are not applied when the poem is quoted the same way as the original source. Additionally, every line must be indented and the text double spaced, with the intext quotation positioned after the last punctuation of the citation.
Similar to the APA format, poetry citations that are only an individual line must be handled as any other citation. Also, suppose the quote from the poem has two lines; handle it as you would any other citation; however, put a forward slash to show where the line breaks in the poem.
How to cite a poem in a text: MLA format; Work cited
The Work Cited section includes the name of the poet, the poem’s name in quotes, collection name, editor’s name, publishing firm, publication date, and the page number of the original source. On the other hand, suppose the poem was found on the internet, mentioning the writer’s surname, author’s initial name, poem’s name in quotes, website’s name, URL, and the access date.
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